24 Aug 2021

Candidates to Consider for Bariatric Surgery

Bariatric surgery is rarely performed in adolescents because of length of gastric bypass surgery. However, obese adolescents who have passed puberty and have reached the maximum height according to their growth can be considered as candidates for bariatric surgery, at the discretion of the doctor. Usually, the type of bariatric surgery recommended for this teenager is the adjustable gastric band type.

Bariatric surgery can provide a variety of benefits, both physical and psychological. Among others are:

Capable of producing long-lasting weight loss. Research shows that more than 90% of obese people who undergo bariatric surgery lose weight, and the results persist for at least 1 year.
Able to increase life expectancy. Research shows that obese people who have undergone bariatric surgery have a higher life expectancy than obese people who have not undergone surgery.
Able to prevent or assist the process of treating other health disorders related to obesity. Examples are type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, sleep apnea, knee pain due to arthritis (arthritis), acid reflux disease, high cholesterol, and fatty liver.
Self-confidence, social interaction, depressive symptoms, and anxiety disorders were reported to improve after obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery.

Although effective in losing weight, bariatric surgery has many risks, including:

The formation of an embolism, which is a blood clot that can be carried to certain organs, such as the brain, lungs, or heart.
Leaks in the sutured stomach or intestines.
Difficulty breathing.

In the long term, people who have bariatric surgery are also more at risk for:

Health problems are caused by impaired absorption of nutrients, such as lack of absorption of iron, calcium, and vitamins, including vitamin B12 and vitamin E.
Food moves too quickly through the small intestine, causing nausea, diarrhea, sweating, dizziness, and weakness after eating. This is especially the case when eating sugary foods.
The formation of gallstones is due to drastic weight loss in a short time.
Narrowing in the area of the stomach and intestines that are sutured, resulting in nausea, vomiting, and difficulty eating.
Sores or holes in the digestive tract.

In addition to having many risks, bariatric surgery can also fail to lose weight, although the chances are small. That is why it is necessary to carry out a thorough medical examination and careful consideration before undergoing this procedure. In order to get optimal results with minimal side effects, make sure you follow all the doctor's instructions after bariatric surgery, including the diet that must be followed, lifestyle changes, taking medications and vitamins, and regular check-ups. If you experience certain health complaints or problems after undergoing bariatric surgery, do not hesitate to immediately return to the surgeon.